If there is one thing that makes camp
life uncomfortable, it is waking up in the middle of the night to a fire that
has burned out. Crawling out of a
sleeping bag, scavenging for firewood, digging through a backpack for a fire
starter, and battling the cold are all scenarios that turn even the happiest
camper’s smile upside down. But have no fear there is a solution to this
problem, it is called the self-feeding fire.
The self-feeding fire is a simplistic
machine that feeds firewood into the campfire as the current fuel burns away.
Through the use of gravity and resources found in the forest, a campfire can
burn all night. This technique is not only fun but very practical for cold
campouts. Imagine not having to feed fuel into the fire all night long. Just
sit back and enjoy camp life with minimal work!
Preparation is required
The process of creating a self-feeding
fire is very simple. It does; however, require some preparation when setting
up, but if done correctly will be well worth the work.
Find the right materials
Begin by identifying a suitable camping
area taking into consideration the wind direction and the amount of wood
available for the campfire. For this project, wood selection is essential.
Three types of wood should be collected, ramps, starter material, and fuel. The
four ramps, which hold the fuel in place need to be made of green wood that is
three feet in length, and approximately two inches in diameter. The starter material is similar to the wood
used in creating a traditional campfire, small in diameter and dry. And finally, the fuel should be dry and
approximately two feet in length and four to six inches in diameter. This wood should be round without any limbs
or misshaped sections, as it is going to roll into the fire via gravity.
Once the materials are collected, it
is time to assemble the self-feeding fire. Begin by driving the four ramp
sticks into the ground; two sticks per side at 45 degree angles creating a
V-shape. Once the ramp sticks are in place, load the ramps with the fuel
collected. Finally, ignite a small fire on top of the two fuel logs that are
touching at the bottom of each ramp. The key to having a successful
self-feeding fire is to consistently sustain the initial fire while keeping it
centered between the fuel logs. It is vital to have a solid base of embers before
allowing the fire to manage itself.
Once the above steps of the process
are completed persistence of maintaining the fire is important. The small base
if started needs to burn into the fuel logs igniting them while building a base
of embers. Be careful not allowing the fire to spread up the ramps onto the
other logs. This has proven to be a major problem with this style of fire, but
can easily be corrected if care is taken.
Practice makes perfect
Like any other outdoor skill, building a self-feeding fire is easy if the appropriate steps are followed and the principles of fire are taken into consideration. Oxygen, heat, and fuel, known as the triangle of fire is the ultimate guide to being successful. Use the triangle as a guide to troubleshoot any problems that occur. Also remember to carefully choose materials. Tinder, kindling, and fuel need to be appropriately sized for the fire.
Although, a self-feeding fire takes time to set up, but if done correctly will offer hours of enjoyment around camp. Most of all, enjoy the process!
DAN WOWAK – APPALACHIAN BUSHMAN SCHOOL
Dan Wowak, Owner and Instructor, of Coalcracker Bushcraft and the Appalachian Bushman School, has been an avid outdoorsman since childhood. His love and passion for the outdoors began while fishing and hiking with his grandfather in the hills of Appalachia. Over the years, he continued pursuing his love for the outdoors through backpacking, camping, hunting, and trapping. As time went on, Dan’s enthusiasm for the outdoors compounded with his drive for reaching his physical and mental limits.